News: Acoustic model of the hall of the Janáček Cultural Centre arrives in Brno

29 April 2021, 17:00
News: Acoustic model of the hall of the Janáček Cultural Centre arrives in Brno

A miniature, but a faithful copy of the Janáček Cultural Centre at the scale of 1: 10 shall serve for testing the audio parameters of the project. The model arrived at the Brno Exhibition Centre today, where a team led by Yasuhisa Toyota, a world-renowned acoustician, will carry out acoustic measurements and check calculations that have been made.

The 1:10 scale model of the Janáček Cultural Centre was assembled at a workshop dedicated to acoustic models based in Mnichovo Hradiště, a task that was underway since last autumn. In addition to the acoustic experts, the job required the input of designers, architects, modellers, joiners and carpenters. The model is 5 metres by 3.5 metres in size and 3 metres in height,” said Markéta Vaňková, the Mayor of the City of Brno, adding: “Receipt of the model by the City of Brno is a major milestone on the road map of this strategic project. We’re thinking of how to make it available to the public, at least during the construction period, once all the checks have been completed and the model is in the hands of the investor. Ideally, this could include presenting it as the basis for a new hall for Brno, along with constantly updated information on the progress of the construction and important facts. We’re now looking for a suitable venue to exhibit it.

The model is used to accurately measure the acoustic parameters of the eventual hall. "The hermetically sealed model of the hall is filled with nitrogen; this gas has the capacity of distributing sound in a way proportional to the scale of the model, which is exactly ten times slower than air. The aim of the measurement is to corroborate if the calculated shape of the hall and the intended materials give rise to ideal acoustics. Over 1,200 small figurines made of extruded polystyrene shall be placed inside the model during tests, thereby simulating the acoustic absorption of an audience. This is because even the presence of people changes the acoustic qualities of the space”, explained Tomáš Koláčný, the Deputy Mayor of the City of Brno

janackovo_kulturni_centrum_modelThe internal space of the model

The model is made of wood in such a way that it accurately adheres to the characteristics of the materials intended for use – even to the extent of suitable varnishes and the number of coats of such varnish. “In this regard, the reflection coefficient, absorption, sound reduction index and length of reverberation are key factors. The aim of the tests is to achieve perfect results for each and every seat in the space. In essence, making sure the sound is experienced in the exact same way at each individual seat”, noted Marie Kučerová, Director of the Brno Philharmonic

“Preparing the acoustic model and then working with it is something quite special in the Czech Republic. Since the very beginning of the construction project, the development of the model was considered a prerequisite. The acoustics will be tested for approximately three months. Based on the results of the measurements, the hall’s acoustic qualities are then verified, and its parameters adjusted as necessary”, added Marek Fišer, Councillor of the City of Brno for Culture.

“The model is based on the advantage from an acoustic perspective of an architectural solution devised by the team behind it – the Ateliér Brno, applying an invention of the architect David Přikryl in combination with the principle of the Voronoi diagram (a mathematical principle by Georgy Feodosevich Voronoy), which puts the seemingly chaotic arrangement of acoustic surfaces into mathematical and geometric order. This principle was enthusiastically adopted by Yasuhisa Toyota’s team of acoustic experts, and has been employed in the model,” commented Petr Hrůša, a member of the project team of the Janáček Cultural Centre.

Another part of the documentation required to carry out construction has also been submitted – specifications for a concert organ – has also been submitted, in order to commence the process of preparing a tender for a constructor of the instrument. This process for a tender is planned to get underway in the summer; the tender itself shall be ready once the completed implementation documentation for the construction work has been submitted and checked, which is expected to happen in November 2021. The expected start date of the works is the end of the first half of 2022. Last week, members of the General Assembly of the City of Brno approved the submission of an application for a grant from the sub-programme entitled Podpora reprodukce majetku regionálních kulturních zařízení, církví a náboženských společností (Promoting the Reproduction of Assets of Regional Cultural Institutions, Churches and Religious Communities), requesting 600 million CZK. It is at this amount that the State is assumed to participate in the construction work. “The City itself, as the applicant for the grant, should pay more than 48 % of the total cost, which is in excess of 960 million CZK; Brněnské komunikace (the Brno Communications Company a.s) is also included in the projected structure of the funds to be spent, sharing in it to the extent of 17 % of the total amount, i.e. over 330 million. This latter amount pertains to money spent to fund stage 1 of the project, i.e. an underground car park,” said Markéta Vaňková, the Mayor, earlier, adding that if everything goes according to plan, the building could open at the end of 2024.

The Janáček Cultural Centre

  • A new concert hall will be erected at the corner of two streets – Besední and Veselá. Open space shall lay to the front of it; the Brno Centre (Brno-střed) City District has recommended to name the area náměstí Ludvíka Kundery (Ludvík Kundera Square) after the Brno pianist and musicologist – a student of Leoš Janáček, who served as the first rector at the Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts Brno. In June 2020, the name was approved by the General Assembly of the City of Brno.
  • The political leaders of the City of Brno had supported the construction of the concert hall as part of the Mission Statement of the Brno City Council for the period 1998 to 2002. An open, public, international, architectural competition took place in 2002. Of the 80 participants, the international jury unanimously selected a design by the architects Jakub Havlas, Jan Hájek and Pavel Joba from the Atelier M1 architekti.
  • For financial reasons, the preparation and implementation period of the entire JKC (JCC) project was split into two stages in terms of content and time; stage 1 involved the construction of an underground, three-story car park, while stage 2 pertained to the construction of an above-ground, six-story building comprising a concert hall and areas dedicated to the operation of the hall.
  • The building permit for stage 1 was issued in 2014 and the construction work started in February 2015. 
  • In 2018, a contract was signed with Tomasz Konior as a general designer, Yasuhisa Toyota as a chief acoustician and Petr Hrůša as the architect of the construction work; activities covered by the contract were developing a project dossier and overseeing the work as authors and designers of the documentation.
  • At the end of 2018, an action by Atelier M1 architekti held up preparations for construction work. The company considered that the design team consisting of Tomasz Konior, Yasuhisa Toyota and Petr Hrůša, which had provided documents for the purpose of releasing a building permit, had disproportionately affected its copyright. With the help of the leaders of the City, a path towards an amicable solution was found in 2019 – the Settlement Agreement enshrines the key principles governing the further preparation of the construction project. It is based on a principle that the design respects the winning form of the JKC (JCC), which had emerged from the architectural competition, and will be in line with the planning decision on the zone and the licensing agreement. The designers committed to address any improvements that shall raise the quality of the hall or add to the quality of the construction work in cooperation with the authors. 
  • On 16 June 2020, the above-ground part of the building of the Janáček Cultural Centre was granted a building permit.

Photograph: FB archives

Comments

Reply

No comment added yet..

For two consecutive Saturdays, visitors to the Olomoucké barokní slavnosti (Olomouc Baroque Festival) had the opportunity to listen to works by lesser-known composers whose music not only in many respects far surpassed the standard of the time, but whose fates were also closely linked to Olomouc.  more

One of the biggest attractions of this year's Olomouc Baroque Festival was the performance of the oratorio David by the Austrian composer Karl Ditters. It was the perfect opportunity to do so, after all – this year the work celebrates 250 years since its creation. Ditters composed the oratorio to a text by Ignazio Pinto in 1771 and in the same year it had its premiere at the castle of Bishop Philipp Gotthard Schaffgotsch of Wrocław on the Jánský Vrch (John´s Hill) near Javorník. In the musical production of violinist and artistic director of Volantes Orchestra Veronika Manová and conductor Ema Mikešová the oratorio was first performed in concert in Brno at the Church of St. Johns (4 August), then on 7 August in Podzámecká zahrada – a garden of the Archbishop’s Chateau in Kroměříž, and, finally, on 12–14 August in the Ambit and Basilica of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary on the Svatý Kopeček (Holy Hill) near Olomouc. The event of 12 August was the performance I visited. In addition to Volantes Orchestra, there were members of other ensembles – Arte dei Suonatori (PL), Il Cuore Barocco (SK), Musica Aeterna (HU) and Societas Incognitorum (CZ). In this aspect, this is another event from the series of concerts organised under the auspices of the festival which bring together musical ensembles from the Visegrad Four. However, there are also performers from other countries – Slovenia, Northern Macedonia and Great Britain. The solo roles were performed by: Doubravka Součková (David), Aco Bišćević (Saul, King of Israel), Helena Hozová (Jonathan, son of Saul), Jiří Miroslav Procházka (Abner, warlord) and Aneta Petrasová (Eliab, David’s brother). The concert was directed by Rocc; the choreography was designed by Sanja Nešković Peršin and costumes were rendered by Borjan Litovski.  more

American singer-songwriter Leyla McCalla is claiming her Haitian roots. She lives in Louisiana and connects the traditional musical genres of the U.S. South with the culture of the island where her ancestors came from. On Tuesday, 27 July, we will be able to hear her voice and songs live at the festival of Folkové prázdniny (Folk Holidays) in Náměšt' nad Oslavou.  more

Yesterday's concert, which took place as part of the Concentus Moraviae festival, entitled Scarlet Venice and featuring violinist, flute and piano player Anna Fusek along with lute and theorbo player Gianluca Geremia, was among the very first evenings indoors that classical music lovers were able to attend after the long, pandemic-forced pause. The chronologically compiled agenda presented those who paid a visit to the Church of All Saints, Moravský Krumlov, with works by early 16th century composers, the origins of the new style and compositions by late Baroque masters.  more

On this very day (19 May) an event will start in Valašské Meziříčí which all the dulcimer players from almost all over the world have been looking forward to for two years. It is the 14th International Dulcimer Festival, which has been held in this town every odd year since 1995. This year, it is sure to be rather modest due to the pandemic situation; the organizers are going to stream some of the concerts, while others will be broadcast on the Czech Radio stations Vltava and Brno. This year, Michal Grombiřík, a dulcimer player, became the first ever such musician admitted to the Jazz Music Interpretation Department of the Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts (JAMU). What is the path from a traditional folk song, through classical music to jazz music, and what exactly is Michal going to do at the aforementioned dulcimer festival? We covered all these topics in our conversation.  more