Anna Kománková, a respected singer of ballads from the Horňácko district, has passed away

15 June 2020, 3:00
Anna Kománková, a respected singer of ballads from the Horňácko district, has passed away

On the twenty-fourth of May of this year, five days before her ninety-second birthday, Mrs. Anna Kománková passed away – and with her departed her particularly extensive songbook of ballads (not only) from the Javornicko and Horňácko districts, which she had always carried in her head. She was able to perform all the songs conserved in her memory in a distinctive and inimitable style. All her life she safeguarded the rare legacy of her ancestral heritage – all the more interestingly because she did not write down the hundreds of often complicated tunes and many dozens of verses and variants of ballads, but she knew them all by heart. Even after she reached the age of ninety, when she no longer enjoyed good health and did not perform in public, she remained in contact with the Javornický ženský sbor [Javorník Women's Choir], which she had revived and eventually led for many years. She never pushed herself forward anywhere, while at the same time she learned a lot from the skills of her ancestors: apart from singing (dozens of songs from the hymn-book  and hundreds of folklore songs) she was an excellent embroiderer: She sewed and embroidered with her own hands every part of the folk costume she wore.

A native and patriot of "her" Javorník, a small mountain village in the foothills of the White Carpathians on the border of Moravia and Slovakia, she was a legend during her lifetime. She was born Anna Majtánová on 29 May 1928 in a part of the village called Suchý Rádek, in a house that her father Jan had converted for living in from a former pub. She learned to sing during her childhood – in fact, she always had an excellent memory. Hence, she stored in it tunes and melodies overheard during "táčky", "přástky" and "šijačky" (various gatherings of village neighbours for the purposes of debating, weaving or sewing) but also from her grandmother's sister, who sang a lot and loved it. "I used to sing everywhere I went," "tetička Kománková [Auntie Kománková] recalled of her childhood. She married her husband Pavel Kománek (1926–1999), two years older than her, on the day of her twentieth birthday and, according to her own words, she never regretted her choice. She joined a farm, where there was endless work, and yet barely enough to make a living. During the sugar beet season, her husband Pavel helped out in the sugar factory, and both of them used to go "po formankách" (field work contracted out to external workers) at the time of harvest. Gradually, three children were born to the family: Pavel (1948), Jan (1951) and Anička (1957). She worked in farming all her life, including sheep grazing and breeding. She also found additional singing support and a source of expansion for her repertoire in her husband's family: her husband's mother and her mother-in-law Kateřina Kománková, née Turečková (1893–1970), was a renowned singer with a rich songbook (both of them were captured on a radio tape in 1961 by the Brno bandleader and collector Antonín Jančík, who had only words of appreciation for their singing expression). "Auntie's" husband Pavel was also an acclaimed groomsman and a good singer, and he added a number of wedding songs and rituals to his wife's repertoire. Anna Kománková was involved in the creation of the Horňácké slavnosti [Horňácko District Festivities] programme more or less since its foundation in 1957, but it took some time for her to gather the courage to perform in public. In the Horňácko district, singing, and solo singing in particular, was an exclusively male affair; any public appearance of women, especially married one, was not tolerated in those times. (At the same time, a lot of excellent singers from the Horňácko district, such as the brothers Luboš and Dušan Holý, point to their mothers and grandmothers in their search for the roots of their singing style and repertoire.)

The turning point came around the end of the 1950s, when the first women's choirs were formed, and the first solo appearances of female singers were staged, for example on the occasion of various shows and festivals. In the case of the Horňácko District singers, the occasions were mainly their home festivities held every year during the feast of St. Mary Magdalene in July ("Auntie" Kománková gradually established herself here as the permanent soloist of Horňácká cimbálová muzika Martina Hrbáče [Martin Hrbáč Dulcimer Music Band of the Horňácko District]), as well as the festivities in neighbouring Slovak village of Myjava (she sang there with the band of the legendary bandleader Samko Dudík) and the festival in the nearby town of Strážnice (where she appeared as a guest of the ensemble Hradišťan with the bandleader Jaroslav Staněk). As an already highly acclaimed performer of ballads from her native region, she made several recordings, the so-called "trvalky" ["perennials"], for Czech Radio in Brno (with Horňácká muzika Martina Hrbáče and BROLN [which stands for the Brno Radio Orchestra of Folk Music Instruments). As the bandleader Martin Hrbáč (in: Dědictví Anny Kománkové [The Heritage of Anna Kománková], 2008, directed by Radka Lokajová) remembers in one of the episodes of the TV show entitled Folklorika, from the beginning  of their cooperation (approximately from 1964) she never missed a single recording session of the numerous albums of his band (last time on the eponymous album entitled HCM Martina Hrbáče, dating from 2008, with the song Co sem sa dočula [What News Have I Heard]). She was at the birth of the pleasantly domestic festival of men's and women's choirs Javornické zpívání [Javorník Singing] (established in 2003), where she also last performed in public in July 2016, at the age of eighty-eight.

Despite the respect she enjoyed in her field, she never accepted an offer for a permanent singing engagement and, unlike her peers Jarmila Šuláková and Věra Příkazská or Vlasta Grycová, who was one generation younger, she never became a renowned media star. She always remained a modest guardian of her ancestral song heritage. She received a lot of respect and recognition only as recently as this millennium: in 2000 (finally!), under the care of the producer Břetislav Rychlík and the Municipal Office in Javorník, she released her debut album Pres Javorník malovaná dlážka – K poctě zpěvačky Anny Kománkové [A Path Painted across Javorník – a tribute to the Singer Anna Kománková (Aton, 2000) together with her collaborator Dušan Holý, who completed the album with a dedicated explanatory text. Maybe it was a late debut, however – like the "headteacher" František Okénka a few years prior to her – it was strong, charismatic and convincing. Rychlík and Holý also incorporated recordings from 1961 made by Jančík in Javorník in the newly recorded material and completed the composition with the "perennial" of the voice of Anna Kománková and HCM Martina Hrbáče recorded at Czech Radio Brno in 1985, and furthermore with fresh recordings of Jura Petrů's dulcimer band from the Horňácko District, where first violin was played by her grandson Martin Kománek (1977). Both of her sons, Jan and Pavel, can be heard on the album as members of the Men's Choir from Javorník; she herself sang with pleasure, in addition to solo songs, in the Javorník Women's Choir, which has been meeting regularly since then and performs publicly to this day. There is an article dedicated to Anna Kománková in the multimedia almanac entitled Horňácké slavnosti 1957-2007 [Horňácko Festival 1957-2007], edited by Miroslav Minks. In April 2007, she received the FOSKAR Folklore Academy Award for 2006 for an individual singing performance (at the International Folklore Festival in Strážnice). In 2008, as part of the EUAV CR project entitled Nositelé tradic [Carriers of Tradition], a publication named Těžko temu kameni. Anna Kománková, zpěvačka z Javorníka na Horňácku [A Difficult Life for That Stone.  Anna Kománková, a Singer from Javorník in the Horňácko District] was published by the authors Dalibor Tureček and Lubomír Tyllner. A CD is attached to that book, on which Anna Kománková sings solo together with the Javornický Women's Choir accompanied by the Folk Music of the Soviš Brothers from Javorník – and above all she tells stories and recounts memories in an interesting way. Most recently, in 2019, she won the South Moravian Region Award for her work contributing to its fame and good reputation.

Just as Anna Kománková learned from her ancestors and older contemporaries, so did her successors in her family: both of her sons, Jan and Pavel, sang in the Men's Choir of Javorník; Jan, the younger one, married the daughter of the great singer and musician Emil Miškeřík. His three sons are excellent violinists and singers, as "grandfather Miškerík" trained them to be. The most significant follower of the tradition of the two families is the above-mentioned Martin Kománek, formerly the bandleader of HCM Jarka Miškeříka, and later a member of HCM Martina Hrbáče.

On the Facebook page Mizející Javorník [Disappearing Javorník], they bid farewell to "Auntie" Kománková with a few concise words: "Auntie Kománková passed away early this morning… She departed, a pure soul, an endless well of Javorník and Horňácko songs. We all loved her, we will not see her like again… Tears flow and your songs will live on inside us. Auntie, may you rest in peace."

Photo by Helena Bretfeldová

Comments

Reply

No comment added yet..

The municipal council of Velká nad Veličkou decided already in mid-April that this year's Horňácké Festivities (original name: Horňácké slavnosti) would not take place on the traditional dates around the feast of St. Mary Magdalene, and their scope, previously meant to be of three to five days, would also be modified. Obviously, it was impossible to foresee the development of lockdown measures towards the third week of July, but musicians from the Horňácko district tried to come up with at least a partial alternative solution in order to maintain continuity. Eventually, two concerts were officially held on two consecutive Saturdays:  On 18 July,  live broadcast of a public radio recording of Czech Radio Brno under the title Hrajte že ně, hrajte aneb Horňácké trochu jinak (Play for Me, or Horňácké Festivities in a Slightly Different Fashion) took place at the Culture House in Velká nad Veličkou. A week later, at a sports complex in Javorník, a traditional competition for "the biggest expert on Horňácko peasant songs" was held under the auspices of the Horňácko Dulcimer Band of Libor Sup. Needless to say, both events have found their spectators and listeners.  more

The Brno-based rock band Kulturní úderka (which translates loosely as "Culture Brigade"), led by singer and guitarist Štěpán Dokoupil, did not keep its fans waiting for too long this time. While there was a fifteen-year break between their first and second albums, the new album Black Metall was released less than two years after the previous album Sarajevská Katarzija (Sarajevo Catharsis). The name of the new album must be handled with care. Úderka has never had anything to do with black metal as a music genre. And once again, we are treated not to metal, but to relatively raw rock, which in some moments is pleasantly softened by the keyboard of Omer Blentič, or the trumpet of their guest artist Jan Kozelek.  more

Cultural life has endeavoured to move into a sterile and "life-safe" social networking environment in an unequal struggle against the viral phantasm and government lockdown regulations. In the darkest months, music institutions competed with one another in staging recordings of memorable concerts, and major opera houses broadcast to the world those of their performances that gained the most success from spectators.  more

Shortly before the outbreak of the coronavirus crisis, the Brno-based group Plum Dumplings released a new album. As opposed to their official debut L'épitaphe des papillons (The Epitome of Butterflies, 2014), sung in French, the band went for Czech lyrics this time. We are talking to the band's vocalist, who presents herself as Adéla Polka.  more

Oldřich Veselý, a Brno-based singer, composer and keyboard player, died in January 2018. In February 2019, the 10th Brno Beatfest, dedicated to his memory, took place in the Semilasso music hall. And a year later, a CD recording of this concert was released under the title Malý princ [The Little Prince], complemented by several bonus items.  more

On the twenty-fourth of May of this year, five days before her ninety-second birthday, Mrs. Anna Kománková passed away – and with her departed her particularly extensive songbook of ballads (not only) from the Javornicko and Horňácko districts, which she had always carried in her head. She was able to perform all the songs conserved in her memory in a distinctive and inimitable style. All her life she safeguarded the rare legacy of her ancestral heritage – all the more interestingly because she did not write down the hundreds of often complicated tunes and many dozens of verses and variants of ballads, but she knew them all by heart. Even after she reached the age of ninety, when she no longer enjoyed good health and did not perform in public, she remained in contact with the Javornický ženský sbor [Javorník Women's Choir], which she had revived and eventually led for many years. She never pushed herself forward anywhere, while at the same time she learned a lot from the skills of her ancestors: apart from singing (dozens of songs from the hymn-book  and hundreds of folklore songs) she was an excellent embroiderer: She sewed and embroidered with her own hands every part of the folk costume she wore.  more

The Brno Contemporary Orchestra, conducted by Pavel Šnajdr, concluded its ninth season with a concert called Con certo: With Certainty or with the Devil?, held in the hall of the Convent of the Merciful Brethren. The programme featured works by authors already established in the world of contemporary classical music: Alexej Fried, Olga Neuwirth and György Ligeti, whose violin concerto was performed by the violin virtuoso Milan Paľa.  more

When pronouncing the name Jiří ‘moravský’ Brabec (1955-2018) (the name is partly a pun referring to a typical Moravian dish called "moravský vrabec", which is pork roast with braised cabbage and  dumplings – translator's note), anyone, who until recently had any business concerning the Czech-Moravian folk and country scene, is reminded of the unmistakeable figure of a mighty man wearing a beard, with a strong voice and an inexhaustible source of information, and an enviable general knowledge of not only the above-mentioned music genre. We are speaking here about a complicated but deservedly respected personality who was able to surprise us with his knowledge in a number of disciplines, but also with his self-deprecating humour and unexpected physical dexterity. Unfortunately, for the last time he surprised people around him with his sudden departure, only a few days before his sixty-third birthday in June 2018, almost unnoticed by the public media, for which he had worked for so many years.  more

Electronic music, big beat and clubbing go together - but that’s only a small part of the truth. In fact electronic music was here long before clubbing, and thanks to enlightened teachers at JAMU it was doing very well indeed in Brno as early as the 1960s. That is, long before synthesizers and sequencers appeared on rock podiums, long before any old band had a computer, long before the first dance parties in glittering halls and dark cellars. Today electronic music is one of music’s most omnipresent genres: neither dance parties nor contemporary operas can do without it. Electronic big beat music has occupied reggae and swing, remixing is a daily affair, Brno artists have learned to sell instruments they built themselves to the whole world and to amplify an old knitting machine. As early as 1907 the composer Ferruccio Busoni dreamt of the future potential of electronic music, but not even his imagination and genius could have anticipated what Thaddeus Cahill’s first weird experiment with an immense electrical organ would lead to one day.  more

After Easter, an official statement that ruined every folklore lover's day appeared on social networks and in the media. The folklore festival in Strážnice will not take place this year. The reasons are well known to everyone. Yesterday, another wave of coronavirus lockdown easement began, and this was not the only reason why we talked to Martin Šimša, director of the National Institute of Folk Culture (NÚLK) in Strážnice. Well, is there really a reason for mourning? What can we look forward to in the immediate future? And when is the best time to visit the castle park and the open-air museum in Strážnice? These questions, and not only these, will be answered in the following interview.  more

Although cultural life has suffered significantly in the last two months, people's desire for an artistic experience has not faded. On the contrary – art and its role in our lives are perhaps needed even more than before. Hence, although concert halls are empty and listeners are forced to visit them only through recordings of their favourite concerts, a number of well-made music media  created (not only) in the beginning of the year helps to bridge over this unfortunate period.  more

”It’s a long journey to the West, / Pointless, fruitless is the longing,” began the first cowboy song recording issued by R. A. Dvorský’s publishing house in 1939. The theme and tone reflect the “tramping” movement, with its idealized vision of “America” and its unspoiled “nature”, which led Czechs to take to the woods, where they hiked, met round campfires and sang songs modelled on American folk songs and country music. So widespread was the tramping phenomenon that it made its way into popular music, where it long remained. Over time, the romance of the cowboy and the idea of a free life on the Great Plains found their way not only into songs sung by such late twenti- eth-century stars as Karel Gott, Helena Vondráčková and Waldemar Matuška but into social life itself: very few countries in Europe have such liberal laws when it comes to sleeping overnight, or even setting up camp, in the woods. In the past young people in Brno could choose whether to be “city slickers” hooked on discotheques or “wander- ers”, who would head for the main train station every Friday afternoon or Saturday and from there set out on the first train for wherever in the countryside it was heading to.  more

Bands that have been present on the scene for several decades have two options: Either they make a living from their own substance, and therefore from hits of the past. Or they are still trying to come up with something new, sometimes with the wishes of conservative fans in spite of it. The "Brno-based" group Poutníci (meaning Pilgrims in Czech), who are celebrating their 50th anniversary this year, are somewhere halfway in between. They still play Panenka [The Doll], which the audience demands, but fortunately they didn't get stuck and – maybe after a long time, but still – they come up with a new serial album, which should not pass unbeknown to the fans of Czech country and bluegrass.  more

The double album Hrubá Hudba, which was jointly created by producer Jiří Hradil (Lesní zvěř, Tata Bojs, Kafka Band and others) and the Horňácká muzika band of Petr Mička, is an extraordinary musical achievement that puts together genuine Horňácko singing (the CD Hlasy starého světa [Voices of the Old World]) and folklore shifted to modern musical expression (the CD Hrubá hudba [Rough Music]). In an extensive two-part interview, we talked to the two fathers of the project, Jiří Hradil and Petr Mička, about their long-term cooperation, their path to Hrubá Hudba and finally about the double album itself and the possible continuation of the project.  more

The Czech Radio Brno folklore section decided that it did not want to idle during the isolation that affected almost the entire world. In addition to "home" broadcasting taking place directly at editors' homes, it also announced a challenge. Listeners can now submit their music recordings to the radio editors; these recordings will eventually be broadcast on air.  more

Editorial

Mezzo-soprano Magdalena Kožená and her husband, conductor Sir Simon Rattle, will perform together in Brno for the first time as part of the Brno Music Marathon festival. A song recital of Kožená, arranged exclusively for this evening from compositions by Czech authors, will be accompanied by Simon Rattle on piano. The concert takes place in Villa Tugendhat, but it will also be available for viewing in the courtyard of the Governor's Palace (Místodržitelský palác), in the "Scalní letňák" cinema and in other selected cinemas.   more

Václav Věžník ranks among important personalities of Czech opera directing of the second half of the 20th century. During his artistic career of more than fifty years, he directed over 200 productions and almost half of them were created in Brno. Věžník acted as a director also on foreign stages. He celebrates 90 years today.  more

Májový Petrov ("May Petrov") is a charity concert held in support of the Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, which also wants to pay tribute to all health care professionals for their commitment during the Covid-19 pandemic. The concert was supposed to take place already in May this year, but due to lockdown security measures it will not be staged until September. Featured performers will be Andrea Tögel Kalivodová, a soloist at the Opera of the National Theatre in Prague, accompanied by the Virtuosi Brunenses musical ensemble from Brno and the Kantiléna children's choir.  more

Metro Music Bar will open its Metro Open Air stage in the middle of August. Hence, in response to government regulations, the club concerts will be moved outdoors. The former post office building, which faces the club directly across the street, features a large inner courtyard. This particular venue is where all the concerts will be taking place for two weeks, starting from mid-August. The first two days of the new outdoor programme will be dedicated to the Brno Music Marathon festival.  more

The last premiere of the ballet season will be a performance entitled Radio and Juliet written by Edward Clug, a renowned European choreographer. The ballet with the subtitle "What would happen if Julie decided not to die" is accompanied by music of the UK band Radiohead.  more

The Bartered Bride by Bedřich Smetana will have its 100th rerun as part of the National Theatre Brno's Summer Menu. Jitka Zerhauová, Jana Šrejma Kačírková, Jakub Tolaš as a guest and others will be starring in this Brno production directed by Ondřej Havelka.  more

The Ibérica Festival of Ibero-American Cultures is entering its 17th season on new dates. Due to the current pandemic situation, it will not take place until August. In addition to Brno and Prague, the festival will also visit the castles in Lysice and Čechy pod Kosířem. The talented flamenco dancer Mónica Iglesias will be featured this year. The Brno part of the festival will also host the guitar player Pavel Steidl.   more

The management of the Brno Philharmonic has announced a selection procedure for the position of Executive Editor, who will be supposed to start work from 1 November 2020.  more

The festival for the Jewish quarter of Boskovice will take place in a more intimate version with a limited number of visitors this year. The organisers invite you to a three-day festival to take place this August. The programme promises representation of the Czech-German jazz scene, blues, theatre performances, site-specific projects, readings and lectures.  more

Despite coronavirus measures, the 16th Znojmo Music Festival will take place unchanged and in full. During July, more than 25 music events will take place in Znojmo and its surroundings. The central theme is the blending of theatre and music. The subheading is "Music in theatre, theatre in music".   more